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Weißrussland unter deutscher Besatzung 1941-1944

Eugeniusz Mironowicz

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Belorussia under German occupation, 1941–44


The everyday life in Belorussia under the German occupation was influenced by the German administration and the occupying troops, the armed resistance, and criminal groups. The peasants were forced by the German administration to provide quotas of foodstuffs, such as grains, meat, milk, eggs, wild berries, sheepskin coats, as assigned for each village. The Belorussian civil administration was responsible for collecting the quotas, as well as for public works, material support of the educational system and public order in the regions and communities. The Belorussian territories were divided into a number of Commissariats. Laws and regulations in the cities located outside of the Generalbezirk Weisruthenien (e.g. Brześć/Brest or Grodno) were introduced by the local commissars. Compared to the rest of the occupied country, the situation in the city of Minsk was peculiar, as there were cultural, educational and publishing institutions functioning, along with other forms of propagation of the national ideas.


Bibliographie: Mironowicz, Eugeniusz: Weißrussland unter deutscher Besatzung 1941-1944, JB historie, 1-2014, S. 262-289.