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Accommodation and Rejection: The Attitude of the Dutch under German Occupation, 1940-1945

Wichert ten Have

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Abstract


Accommodation and Rejection. The Dutch under German Occupation (1940–1945)

Abstract

The prevailing attitude of the Dutch under the German occupation was paradoxical. There is ample evidence for their aversion to the German authorities and, even more, to the Dutch national-socialist collaborators. On the other hand, their attitude was one of accommodation to the situation of the occupation. Gradually resistance to the German Aufsichtsverwaltung developed. Nonetheless, the Nazi authorities successfully organised the deportation and murder of the great majority of the Dutch Jews. After the war, the main historical interpretation of the occupation was written from the perspective of a national unity. Since the 1960’s, a new criticism came to the fore. Questions about the accommodation of Dutch authorities and the people as a whole were widely discussed. The responsibility for the Nazi persecution and deportation of the Dutch Jews is still at the centre of historiographical controversy.

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Bibliographie: ten Have, Wichert: Accommodation and Rejection: The Attitude of the Dutch under German Occupation, 1940-1945, JB historie, 1-2014, S. 227-261. https://doi.org/10.3224/jbh.v7i1.13


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