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The Relationship Between Participation in Out-of-Class Activities and Cognitive and Social Outcomes of Korean College Students

Sang Hoon Bae, Sue Bin Jeon, Song le Han

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Abstract


Abstract

In the era of the 4th Industrial Revolution, higher education institutions should change practices of educational programs and services, which are mainly based on traditional classroom-based instructions, to allow students to have more diverse experiences. Since college students spend relatively more time engaged in out-of-class activities than attending regular courses, it is necessary to examine how participating in out-of-class programs is related to cultivation of the competencies that the future demands. This study explores the relationship between out-of-class activity participation and perceived change in cognitive and social outcomes of Korean college students. Five out-of-class activities were examined: learning community, undergraduate research, service learning, internship, and residential college programs. K-NSSE (Korea-National Survey of Student Engagement) data were analyzed using hierarchical linear model analysis. The study findings are consistent with the results of previous research that demonstrated a positive association between participating in out-of-class activities and students’ cognitive and social outcomes.

Keywords: out-of-class activities, cognitive outcomes, social outcomes, K-NSSE, college effect

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Bibliography: Bae, Sang Hoon/Jeon, Sue Bin/Han, Song le: The Relationship Between Participation in Out-of-Class Activities and Cognitive and Social Outcomes of Korean College Students, IJREE – International Journal for Research on Extended Education, Vol. 6, Issue 1-2018, pp. 80-97. https://doi.org/10.3224/ijree.v6i1.07


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